Casino is an adult-oriented entertainment establishment, whose profits are primarily made from gambling. While lighted fountains, shopping centers, musical shows and elaborate themes help draw in the crowds, games of chance like slot machines, blackjack, roulette, craps, keno and baccarat provide the billions in profit that casinos rake in every year.
Although the concept of gambling predates recorded history, it was not until the 16th century that the modern casino developed. A gambling craze was sweeping Europe at the time, and Italian aristocrats would hold private parties in places called ridotti (little houses) where they could play various games of chance.
Gambling has a tendency to attract cheaters and thieves, so casinos spend large amounts of money on security measures. Aside from obvious cameras and guards, there are more subtle security measures. The routines and patterns of casino games follow certain rules that make it easier for security to spot when something is off. Security also pays attention to the physical movement of players and their reactions to specific situations, and they look for signs of cheating or stealing.
Casinos are usually large, airy spaces with many tables and machines. They may be located in exotic locales such as Las Vegas, Macau and Singapore, or they may be found in upscale hotels and resorts. Casinos are regulated by government agencies that grant licenses to those who prove they are legitimate and safe. In the United States, this includes state gaming control boards and the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement.